Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Bond; Durability; GFRP Bar; High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete


"Corrosion of steel reinforcement and carbon dioxide emissions are two major global problems. Different methods, techniques, and materials have been implemented to mitigate these problems. Glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bar presents itself as a solid alternative to replace conventional steel reinforcement owing to its fantastic features in resisting corrosion. Its demand is progressively increasing. Cement-based concrete, on the other hand, is not eco-friendly due to the excessive amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions yielded from its cement production. One of the alternatives used to mitigate the use of cement in concrete is fly ash. Fly ash is considered a supplementary cementitious material (SCM) and has been only implemented partially to replace cement as a binding material in concrete, however its application has been limited to only limited doses (lower than 30%). In this study, durability and bond-slip investigations were carried out. The durability study was done on GFRP bars extracted from eleven bridges across the United States after being in service from 12 to 20 years. Several tests were conducted on the bar and the surrounding concrete to make the assessment. The tests results showed that there were slight sings for environmental attack but did not show any obvious signs for microstructural deteriorations. In addition, a bond-slip investigation was carried out to evaluate the bond performance of GFRP bars embedded in fly ash-based sustainable concrete. A high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete was implemented; 50% and 70% cement replaced with fly ash were used. The results showed that GFRP bars had less bond strength than that resulted from mild steel bars"--Abstract, page iv.


Myers, John J.

Committee Member(s)

Sneed, Lesley
Yan, Guirong Grace
Chandrashekhara, K.
Nanni, Antonio


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Civil Engineering


The authors gratefully wish to acknowledge the support from the ReCAST Tier 1 University Transportation Center at the Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T), the United States Department of Education GAANN Program, The American Concrete Institute (ACI) Foundation as well as Owens Corning for their contributions to sample extraction.

The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the American Concrete Institute’s Strategic Development Council (SDC), the ReCAST Tier 1 University Transportation Center at the Missouri University of Science and Technology, The United States Department of Education GAANN Program, and NSF I/UCRC CICI (Grant # NSF-1916342).

Research Center/Lab(s)

Re-Cast Tier1 University Transportation Center


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2021

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Assessment study of GFRP reinforcement used in two concrete bridges after more than fifteen years of service
  • Evaluation of bond performance of glass fiber rebars embedded in sustainable concrete
  • Durability assessment of 15-20-year-old GFRP bars extracted from bridges in the US. II: GFRP bar assessment


xv, 204 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2021 Ali Fadhil Al-Khafaji, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11819

Electronic OCLC #