Keywords and Phrases
Crystalline rock; Enhanced geothermal systems; Fractal analysis; Fracture asperity; Thermomechanical analysis; Upscaling
"Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) offer great potential for dramatically expanding the use of geothermal energy and become a promising supplement for fossil energy. The EGS is to extract heat by creating a subsurface system to which cold water can be added through injection wells. Injected water is heated by contact with rock and returns to the surface through production well. Fracture provides the primary conduit for fluid flow and heat transfer in natural rock. Fracture is propped by fracture roughness with varying heights which is called asperity. The stability of asperity determines fracture aperture and hence imposes substantial effect on hydraulic conductivity and heat transfer efficiency in EGS.
Firstly, two rough fracture surfaces are characterized by statistical method and fractal analysis. The asperity heights and enclosed aperture heights are described by probability density function before cold water is pumped into fracture. Secondly, when water injection and induced cooling occurs, the thermomechanical analysis of single asperity is studied by establishing an un-symmetric damage mechanics model. The deformation curve of asperity under thermal stress is determined. Thirdly, deformation of fracture with various asperities on it in response to thermal stress is analyzed by a new stratified continuum percolation model. This model incorporates the fracture surface characteristics and preceding deformation curve of asperity. The fracture closure and fracture stiffness can be accurately quantified by this model. In addition, the scaling invariance and multifractal parameters in this process are identified and validated with Monte Carlo simulation"--Abstract, page iii.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Ph. D. in Civil Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xvii, 229 pages
© 2019 Chao Zeng, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Electronic OCLC #
Zeng, Chao, "Thermomechanical analysis of rock asperity in fractures of enhanced geothermal systems" (2019). Doctoral Dissertations. 2852.