Doctoral Dissertations


Chao Liu

Keywords and Phrases

Buckle folds; Midcontinent; Numerical modeling; Ozark Plateau; Pericline


"A series upright sub-horizontal folds in sandstones of the early Ordovician Roubidoux Formation are exposed in road cuts along US Highway 63 in the northern part of the Salem Plateau of central Missouri for over a distance of approximately 10 km. These folds are in marked contrast to the more typical horizontal to sub-horizontal Ordovician strata of the Ozark Plateau. The origin of those folds remains enigmatic. The inspection of the characteristics of these folds using stereographic analysis revealed a non-cylindrical geometrical pattern than a near cylindrical fold. Structural data of 54 folds indicate an alternating basin and dome pattern. However, acceptance of more traditional classification and interpretation as a viable explanation for the origin of these folds ultimately only serves to heighten the enigma. Combing the results of numerical models, a more realistic hypothesis is proposed to explain the occurrence of those localized folds. The result of numerical models implies a localized stress enhancement in the transpression zone and the basin and dome periclines is formed by applying unidirectional shortening. We propose that these folds are periclines formed in a transpression zone as a result of reactivation of basement faults with left-lateral slip during the late Paleozoic Alleghenian Orogeny which provides an E-W far-field compression"--Abstract, page iii.


Hogan, John Patrick

Committee Member(s)

Eckert, Andreas
Obrist-Farner, Jonathan
Locmelis, Marek
Woelk, Klaus


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Geology and Geophysics


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Summer 2019


viii, 80 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references (pages 71-79).

Geographic Coverage

Ozark Plateau, Missouri


© 2019 Chao Liu, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11594

Electronic OCLC #


Included in

Geology Commons