Doctoral Dissertations


Milan Koirala


"Diffusion is a powerful and versatile description of a typical wave propagation in a random scattering medium that disregards phase and, thus, a possibility of interference. Speckle, transmission fluctuations, wave localization, non-local correlations, and transmission eigenchannels are examples of persistent interference effects, which arise in the course of deterministic propagation. Such wave phenomena contain a wealth of information about the medium and the source of waves, enabling sensing and coherent control of the propagation. The nonlocal correlations and speckle statistics of the partially coherent light are used to uncover an object hidden by a diffusive cloak inside a strong scattering medium. It is shown that it is possible to detect the size and position, including the depth, of the object unknown apriori. In addition, a theoretical model is developed to predict the geometry dependence of the transmission eigenchannels and intensity correlations. It is demonstrated that deformation of the geometry of the system offers a predictable approach to coherent control of wave propagation in random media that is complementary to wavefront shaping. Lastly, a class of critical states embedded in the continuum is uncovered in a one-dimensional optical waveguide array with one non-Hermitian defect. These states are on the verge of being fractal and have real propagation constants, exhibiting a phase transition from delocalization to localization as the imaginary part of the refractive index in the defect waveguide approaches a critical value"--Abstract, page iv.


Yamilov, Alexey

Committee Member(s)

Vojta, Thomas
Parris, Paul Ernest, 1954-
Fischer, Daniel
Yang, Xiaodong



Degree Name

Ph. D. in Physics


National Science Foundation (U.S.)
United States. Office of Naval Research
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation
United States. Air Force. Office of Scientific Research. Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative


This work has been supported by National Science Foundation grant DMR-1205223.

The authors acknowledge support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) via the priority program DFG-SPP 1839 "Tailored Disorder", by the Helmholtz Program "Science and Technology of Nanosystems", by the Karlsruhe School of Optics and Photonics (KSOP), and by the National Science Foundation (NSF) via grant DMR-1205223.

The authors acknowledge the support from the US National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMR-1205223, from the US Office of Naval Research under grant No. N00014-13-1-0649, and the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF) under grant No. 2015509.

The authors acknowledge support from the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMR-1205223, DMR-1205307.

This work was sponsored partly by grants NSF ECCS-1128571, DMR-1205223, ECCS-1128542 and DMR-1205307 and by an AFOSR MURI grant FA9550-14-1-0037.


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Summer 2019

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Detection of a diffusive cloak via second-order statistics
  • Uncloaking diffusive-light invisibility cloaks by speckle analysis
  • Inverse design of perfectly transmitting eigenchannels in scattering media
  • Inverse design of long-range correlation intensity in scattering media
  • Critical states embedded in the continuum


xiii, 110 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2019 Milan Koirala, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11591

Electronic OCLC #


Included in

Physics Commons