"Microfluidics enables a diverse range of manipulations (e.g., focusing, separating, trapping, and enriching) of micrometer-sized objects, and has played an increasingly important role for applications that involve single cell biology and the detection and diagnosis of diseases. In microfluidic devices, methods that are commonly used to manipulate cells or particles include the utilization of hydrodynamic effects and externally applied field gradients that induce forces on cells/particles, such as electrical fields, optical fields, magnetic fields, and acoustic fields.
However, these conventional methods often involve complex designs or strongly depend on the properties of the flow medium or the interaction between the fluid and fluidic channels, so this dissertation aims to propose and demonstrate novel and low-cost techniques to fabricate microfluidic devices to separate microparticles with different sizes, materials and shapes by the optimized acoustic and magnetic fields. The first method is to utilize acoustic bubble-enhanced pinched flow for microparticle separation; the microfluidic separation of magnetic particles with soft magnetic microstructures is achieved in the second part; the third technique separates and focuses microparticles by multiphase ferrofluid flows; the fourth method realizes the fabrication and integration of microscale permanent magnets for particle separation in microfluidics; magnetic separation of microparticles by shape is proposed in the fifth technique.
The methods demonstrated in this dissertation not only address some of the limitations of conventional microdevices, but also provide simple and efficient method for the separation of microparticles and biological cells with different sizes, materials and shapes, and will benefit practical microfluidic platforms concerning micron sized particles/cells"--Abstract, page iv.
Isaac, Kakkattukuzhy M.
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology. Department of Chemistry
Missouri University of Science and Technology. Center for Single Nanoparticle, Single Cell, and Single Molecule Monitoring
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation
- Acoustic bubble enhanced pinched flow fractionation for microparticle separation
- Microfluidic separation of magnetic particles with soft magnetic microstructures
- Multiphase ferrofluid flows for micro-particle focusing and separation
- Fabrication and integration of microscale permanent magnets for particle separation in microfluidics
- Magnetic separation of microparticles by shape
xvii, 142 pages
© 2017 Ran Zhou, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Electronic OCLC #
Zhou, Ran, "Continuous focusing and separation of microparticles with acoustic and magnetic fields" (2017). Doctoral Dissertations. 2636.