Keywords and Phrases
Cable Shovel; Dynamic Modeling; Fatigue Failure; Kinematic Modeling
"Large capacity shovels are used to achieve economic bulk production in surface mining operations. The suspended payload combined with dipper weight and formation resistive forces results in severe stress loading of the shovel front-end assembly. Material flaws, high stresses and harsh excavation conditions can initiate cracks in the dipper-teeth assembly. High stresses can cause these cracks to propagate to critical lengths resulting in fatigue failure, unscheduled downtimes, costly unplanned repairs, and downstream processing circuit problems. The literature reveals that dipper-related problems significantly reduce shovel up-time. This research is a pioneering effort towards developing a solid frame work for stress profiling, and fatigue fracture failure modeling of the shovel dipper-teeth assembly.
Kinematic and dynamic models of the shovel front-end assembly have been built using the Newton-Euler iterative algorithm and incorporate the dynamic formation resistive and payload forces. A numerical simulator is designed to solve these models. A virtual P&H 4100XPC shovel prototype is built in ANSYS (R15) software for stress and fatigue failure modeling studies. It is found that maximum stress varies cubically with formation density and linearly with cutting resistance. The maximum von-Misses stress on the dipper of 282 MPa exceeds the lower limits of the yield stresses for low, medium and high carbon steels. Crack propagation simulation studies show that a 100 mm crack-length is the critical crack-length for the dipper-teeth assembly. A 75 mm bottom-plate crack can propagate to the critical length in 16 days. This new knowledge provides the basis for new shovel dipper designs for different applications in surface mining operations."--Abstract, page iii.
Awuah-Offei, Kwame, 1975-
Ge, Mao Chen
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Ph. D. in Mining Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xvi, 183 pages
© 2016 Muhammad Azeem Raza, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Excavating machinery -- Dynamics
Machinery, Kinematics of
Dynamics -- Mathematical models
Electronic OCLC #
Raza, Muhammad Azeem, "Cable shovel dipper stress and fatigue failure modeling in formation excavation engineering" (2016). Doctoral Dissertations. 2490.