Doctoral Dissertations


Mingyang Li

Keywords and Phrases

Ceramic Paste Extrusion; Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication; Modeling And Analysis; Numerical Simulation; Paste Solidification


"During the freeze-form extrusion fabrication process, both the extrusion and freezing processes are complex due to the aqueous-based ceramic pastes' non-Newtonian behavior, large latent heat of the water contained in the paste, and the small temperature difference between the ambient and the paste. In this study, the steady-state relationship between plunger velocity and extrusion force is developed based on a modified Herschel-Bulkley viscosity model and the Navier-Stokes equations, and the dynamic response of the extrusion force is described by a first-order nonlinear equation when plunger velocity is taken as an input. It is shown that the extrusion response time depends on the amount of air inside the extruder and the magnitude of the extrusion force. Air bubble release and pre-loading are then analyzed based on the developed constitutive model. The freezing process is modeled by a simplified one-dimensional heat transfer model and a lumped method. As the layer number increases, the paste freezing time increases and finally reaches a steady state. A non-dimensional analytical solution for the freezing time of parts with large numbers of layers was obtained using the lumped method. The effects of both non-dimensional and dimensional factors on the critical freezing time were studied. The critical freezing time is the time when the steady-state freezing time equals the total time between layers, which is the sum of the deposition time for the current layer and the dwell time between the current and next layers. A series of simulations and experiments were conducted to validate the predictive capabilities of the constitutive model for the extrusion force and the critical freezing time for parts with large numbers of layers. Good agreements between the simulation and experimental results were obtained."--Abstract, page iii.


Landers, Robert G.
Leu, M. C. (Ming-Chuan)

Committee Member(s)

Homan, Kelly
Isaac, Kakkattukuzhy M.
Hilmas, Greg


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2016


xv, 105 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references (pages 102-104).


© 2016 Mingyang Li, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Ceramic materials -- Extrusion
Solid freeform fabrication
Manufacturing processes

Thesis Number

T 10917

Electronic OCLC #