Keywords and Phrases
Diboride; Fusion welding; Ultra high temperature ceramics
"Plasma and pulsed plasma arc welding (PAW and PPAW) processes were used to fusion weld ZrB2 containing 20 vol% ZrC. Varying welding parameters resulted in changes in weld pool shape and size, and the size of ZrB2 grains within the fusion zone. For PAW processes that resulted in a keyhole fusion zone (full penetration), the arc to workpiece power transfer efficiency was estimated to be 2 grain lengths were observed to decrease between binary PAW FZs (~1 mm in length), and binary PPAW FZs (~0.8 mm in length), and an increasing aspect ratio for ZrB2 grains in PPAW welds (up to 40:1) compared to PAW ZrB2 grain aspect ratios (up to 25:1) revealed that growth of ZrB2 was hindered in PPAW FZs. Grain growth was also observed to decrease with decreasing arc power. A high arc power resulted in high growth rates of ZrB2 and a textured FZ, lower arc power FZs did not exhibit texture. A high current plasma arc (222 A) was used to increase the temperature of the weld pool, such that ZrB2 growth would follow the arc thermal gradient. ZrB2 growth occurred in the basal plane, giving grains a plate-like structure, where grain thickness increased by ledge growth. ZrB2 grain sizes within the FZ were observed to affect the strength of weldments. PM flexure strengths were measured to be ~660 MPa and strengths were observed to drop to ~140 MPa for PAW weldments and ~170 MPa for PPAW weldments. Diffusion of C into the melt pool was observed to hinder ZrB2 grain growth significantly (~150 µm maximum ZrB2 grain size), and the average flexure strength of a ZrB2-ZrC-C weldments was ~250 MPa."--Abstract, page iv.
Smith, Jeffrey D.
Asle Zaeem, Mohsen
Switzer, Jay A., 1950-
Materials Science and Engineering
Ph. D. in Ceramic Engineering
United States. Air Force. Office of Scientific Research
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation
- Plasma arc welding of ZrB2-20 vol% ZrC ceramics
- Mechanical behavior and applications of arc welded ceramics
- Growth of ZrB2 in plasma arc welded ZrB2-20 vol% ZrC
- Plasma arc welding of TiB2-20 vol% TiC
xv, 183 pages
© 2015 Derek Scott King, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Plasma arc welding
Heat resistant materials
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
King, Derek Scott, "Fusion welding of diboride-carbide ceramic composites" (2015). Doctoral Dissertations. 2387.