Doctoral Dissertations


Tarak Amine


"Multilayer direct laser deposition (DLD) is a fabrication process through which parts are fabricated by creating a molten pool into which metal powder is injected as. During fabrication, complex thermal activity occurs in different regions of the build; for example, newly deposited layers will reheat previously deposited layers. The objective of this study was to provide insight into the thermal activity that occurs during the DLD process. This work focused on the effect of the deposition parameters of deposited layers on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the previously deposited layers. Varying the parameters was shown to produce different effects on the microstructure morphology and property values, presumably resulting from in-situ quench and tempering. A commercial ABAQUS/CAE software was used to model this process by developing a thermo-mechanical 3D finite element model. This work presents a 3D heat transfer model that considers the continuous addition of mass in front of a moving laser beam using ABAQUS/CAE software. The model assumes the deposit geometry appropriate to each experimental condition and calculates the temperature distribution, cooling rates and re-melted layer depth, which can affect the final microstructure. Model simulations were qualitatively compared with experimental results acquired in situ using a K-type thermocouple.

Moreover, the work focused on the effect of cooling rate and other processing variables on microstructure and mechanical properties. The influence of the cooling rate on the microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated. The differed cooling rate led to varied grain size and resulted in affected varied hardness and tensile strength."--Abstract, page iv.


Liou, Frank W.

Committee Member(s)

Newkirk, Joseph William
Chandrashekhara, K.
Tsai, Hai-Lung
Samaranayake, V. A.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2015

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Numerical simulation of the thermal history multiple laser deposited layers
  • An investigation of the effect of laser deposition parameters on characteristics of multilayered 316 L deposits
  • Microstructural and hardness investigation of tool steel D2 processed by laser surface melting and alloying
  • Investigation of effect of process parameters on multilayer builds by direct metal deposition
  • Methodology for studying effect of cooling rate during laser deposition on microstructure


xiii, 128 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2015 Tarak Amine, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Manufacturing processes -- Research
Pulsed laser deposition
Materials -- Mechanical properties
Materials -- Thermal properties

Thesis Number

T 10705

Electronic OCLC #