Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Calcite cementation; Mineral sequestration


"The potential for using the Oronto Group of the Midcontinent Rift (MCR) Sequence for CO2 sequestration has been disparaged because of low porosity-permeability characteristics, which are largely a result of extensive calcite cementation. This study investigated the potential for using the MCR as a target for CO2 sequestration by examining reactions involving detrital host-rock minerals at high pressure-temperature conditions that could provide dissolved Ca2+, Mg2+, and Fe2+, and then precipitating these cations as carbonate minerals. The effect of carbonic acid on cement dissolution was also evaluated with respect to enhancing porosity and permeability. The Oronto Group sediments were enriched in CaO and MgO (5-12 wt%), and dominated by volcanic-lithic fragments with traces of alkali-feldspar, plagioclase, muscovite, quartz, chlorite, illite and smectite. The overlying Bayfield Group sediments are feldspathic quartz arenites with up to 17% porosity, however, they have low abundances of CaO and MgO (2-saturated deionized water at 90⁰C in Teflon vessels, or mildly acidic nitric acid solution in room-temperature core-flooding experiments to evaluate reactions under potential sequestration conditions. Rapid dissolution of calcite cement was noted in short-term tests (1.6 - 20 mg Ca/, while supersaturated conditions were achieved with the associated precipitation of carbonate minerals in longer-term (101.9 day) experiments following the neutralization of carbonic acid and associated pH rise. The potential of using the Oronto Group as a CO2 sequestration target is favored by its carbonate mineralization potential, but hindered by its limited permeability, even for samples that displayed porosity enhancement following calcite cement dissolution."--Abstract, page iii.


Wronkiewicz, David J.

Committee Member(s)

Hogan, John Patrick
Yang, Wan
Bai, Baojun
Oboh-Ikuenobe, Francisca


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Geology and Geophysics


National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.)


Supported by the Department of Energy (DOE)-National Energy Technology Lab by funding this study under agreement number of DE-FE0002416


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2015


xvi, 240 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references (228-239).


© 2015 Alsedik Mohamed Ali Abousif, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Geological carbon sequestration
Cementation (Petrology)
Climatic changes

Thesis Number

T 10703

Electronic OCLC #