Doctoral Dissertations


"Three approaches to the synthesis of the heretofore unknown azabullvalene, the pi electron equivalent heterocyclic congener of bullvalene itself, are described. Two of the schemes are based upon the assumption that the most convenient method for the introduction of the nitrogen atom is via thermal rearrangement of the appropriate azide.

The first involved the generation of the homobarrelene carbon skeleton and sub sequent decomposition of its azide. This compound arises formally as the product of the Diels-Alder addition of acetylene to the bicyclic valence isomer of tropyl azide (cyclohepta-1, 3, 5- trienyl-7-azide). In order to achieve this goal, Diels-Alder additions to 7- substituted tropilidene s were examined. A total of sixty-four possible combinations were analyzed. Additionally, an investigation into the diazo transfer reaction occurring upon cycloalkyl amines for the purpose of generation of cycloalkyl azides was undertaken. Cyclepropyl amine did not furnish cyclopropyl azide by this method. However, the technique was successfully applied to cyclobutyl through cyclooctyl amines and described by us last year. Subsequently, by employing N -nitro so-N-bicyclo [4.1.0] heptyl ethyl carbamate, we have worked out the conditions for the generation of simple cyclopropyl azides and defined suitable reaction conditions for their controlled decomposition to furnish 1-azetine derivatives. Thermolysis of exo- 7- azidobicyclo [4.1.0] heptane furnished 2- azabicyclo [4.2.0] oct-2-ene, which was characterized by analysis of the benzoyl derivative of its reduction product and by hydrolysis to the corresponding aminoaldehyde.

A second scheme involved thermal rearrangement of the compound obtained from the formal addition of acetylene to the recently reported azocine (aza-cyclooctatetraene), the pi electron equivalent nitrogen heterocyclic derivative of cyclooctatetraene. Although azocine was not isolated due to its apparent instability and rapid rearrangement, we have demonstrated a workable method for its generation. A third approach to azabullvalene proceeded from the decomposition of the appropriate tropyl carboxazide by an analogous series of the reactions reported in the carbocyclic series.

An estimation of the thermodynamic properties of azocine as well as the nitrogen derivatives of bullvalene precursors indicated a large thermodynamic preference for decomposition via hydrogen cyanide ejection. Thus, it appeared that facile loss of HCN will have a major influence upon the isolation of nitrogen analogues of C8H8 and C10H10 hydrocarbons"--Abstract, pages ii-iii.


Wulfman, David S., 1934-2013

Committee Member(s)

Russell, Robert R.
Nicholson, Larry M.
Stoffer, James O.
Siehr, Donald J.



Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemistry


National Science Foundation (U.S.)
University of Missouri--Rolla


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date



viii, 142 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 135-141).


© 1973 Thomas Rudolph Steinheimer, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Organic compounds -- Synthesis
Carbenes (Methylene compounds)

Thesis Number

T 2805

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #


Included in

Chemistry Commons