Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Ab-initio Calculations; Advanced High Strength Steel; Density Functional Theory; Stacking Fault Energy; Vanadium Carbide


"Fundamental understanding of the complex interactions governing structure-property relationships in iron-based alloys is necessary to advance ferrous metallurgy. Two key components of alloy design are carbide formation and stabilization and controlling the active deformation mechanism. Following a first-principles methodology, understanding on the electronic level of these components has been gained for predictive modeling of alloys.

Transition metal carbides have long played an important role in alloy design, though the complexity of their interactions with the ferrous matrix is not well understood. Bulk, surface, and interface properties of vanadium carbide, VCx, were calculated to provide insight for the carbide formation and stability. Carbon vacancy defects are shown to stabilize the bulk carbide due to increased V-V bonding in addition to localized increased V-C bond strength. The VCx (100) surface energy is minimized when carbon vacancies are at least two layers from the surface. Further, the Fe/VC interface is stabilized through maintaining stoichiometry at the Fe/VC interface.

Intrinsic and unstable stacking fault energy, γisf and γusf respectively, were explicitly calculated in nonmagnetic fcc Fe-X systems for X = Al, Si, P, S, and the 3d and 4d transition elements. A parabolic relationship is observed in γisf across the transition metals with minimums observed for Mn and Tc in the 3d and 4d periods, respectively. Mn is the only alloying addition that was shown to decrease γisf in fcc Fe at the given concentration. The effect of alloying on γusf also has a parabolic relationship, with all additions decreasing γisf yielding maximums for Fe and Rh"--Abstract, page iv


Medvedeva, Julia E.

Committee Member(s)

Van Aken, David C.
OKeefe, Matt
Asle Zaeem, Mohsen
Hor, Yew San


Materials Science and Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Materials Science and Engineering


Kent D. Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center

Research Center/Lab(s)

Peaslee Steel Manufacturing Research Center


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2014

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • The role of ordered carbon vacancies in vanadium carbide and (V,NB)Cx -- bulk and surface energetic and structural effects
  • Effect of nickel, copper, and chromium on stacking fault energy of FCC iron
  • Ab-initio simulation of alloying effect on stacking fault energy in fcc Fe
  • Carbon interactions with transition metal additions at stacking faults in fcc iron


xi, 100 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 88-99).


© 2014 Krista Renee Limmer, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Iron alloys -- Structure
Steel, High strength
Steel -- Technological innovations
Transition metal carbides

Thesis Number

T 10613

Electronic OCLC #