Doctoral Dissertations


"Pump and treat (P&T) is a technology that has been extensively used to remove and/or contain contaminated groundwater. Hydraulic containment of contaminants is accomplished by generating capture zones through pumping of groundwater. An appropriate delineation of capture zones is necessary to design an effective P&T system. P&T systems conventionally operate continuously to achieve steady-state capture zones, which require significant amounts of energy. The use of renewable energies to meet power demands of remedial systems may reduce a project's carbon dioxide emissions. The hydraulic effectiveness of a photovoltaic (PV) powered P&T system without energy storage was characterized using data collected at two different remediation sites, a Dry-cleaning Environmental Response Trust Fund site in Rolla, Missouri and the Former Nebraska Ordnance Plant near Mead, Nebraska. A method to estimate hydraulic containment effectiveness of PV-powered P&T systems without energy storage was developed. The performance of a hypothetical PV-powered P&T system that operates both intermittently by assuming that the system does not include an energy storage component and continuously by assuming that system includes a relatively small capacity energy storage component was analyzed using widely available Typical Meteorological Year 3 data. A methodology to estimate capture zone widths for PV-powered P&T systems without energy storage throughout the continental U.S. as a function of solar insolation data, transmissivity, and hydraulic gradient was developed. Maps depicting predicted capture zone widths for specified transmissivity values and a hydraulic gradient were developed. The applicability of the developed methodology was illustrated with two actual sites where groundwater remediation has taken place."--Abstract, page iv.


Elmore, A. Curt

Committee Member(s)

Anderson, Neil L. (Neil Lennart), 1954-
Crow, Mariesa
Maerz, Norbert H.
Rogers, J. David


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Geological Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2014

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Effectiveness of capture zones generated by intermittent pumping of a PV-powered pump-and-treat system without energy storage
  • Performance evaluation of PV-powered pump and treat systems using typical meteorological year three data
  • General method for predicting capture zone widths for PV-powered pump and treat systems using PVWATTS and basic hydrogeologic data


xiv, 92 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2014 Yovanna Cortes Di Lena, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Groundwater -- Purification -- Methodology
Groundwater -- Purification -- Equipment and supplies
Pumping machinery -- Design
Photovoltaic power generation
Renewable energy sources -- Research

Thesis Number

T 10439

Electronic OCLC #