Doctoral Dissertations


"Proteolytic enzymes have been used for the synthesis of homo-oligomers and hydroxy acid capped peptides with amino acids and hydroxy acid esters as substrates in aqueous and aqueous organic biphasic and triphasic systems. However, successful incorporation of hydroxy acids in oligopeptide substrates has not been demonstrated. Use of monophasic media comprising of acetonitrile/water in which oligopeptide substrates were soluble was examined for the synthesis of oligomers of neutral and polar amino acids like Met, Tyr, Lys, Gly, Asp and Glu and tailored co-oligomers of Lys-Met and Arg-Met. Effect of reaction parameters such as starting substrate concentration, system composition, reaction time, temperature, and time of addition of second substrate on the peptide synthesis process was evaluated. The HPLC and ESI-MS characterization revealed the formation of oligomers and co-oligomers in yields of~ 80%. Results also show that systematic change of reaction media composition and sequential addition of amino acid substrates would serve as the best approach for the synthesis of cooligopeptides of Lys-Met and Arg-Met in acetonitrile/water system. Use of anti-oxidants during oligomerization is essential. Traditionally mercaptoethanol has been used. However, because of their toxicity, such anti-oxidants pose a problem for utilization. To over come this, the effectiveness of L-Cysteine as an anti-oxidant for protease catalysis was also evaluated. Results show that L-Cysteine can be used as an effective replacement for mercaptoethanol in peptide synthesis. Finally, hydroxy acid capping of peptides was carried out in acetonitrile/water system. Results show that oligopeptides of Met, Phe and Insulin could be readily capped with a hydroxy acid in a monophasic system comprising of acetonitrile/water"--Abstract, page iv.


Kapila, Shubhender
Forciniti, Daniel

Committee Member(s)

Ma, Yinfa
Xing, Yangchuan
Nam, Paul Ki-souk
Henthorn, David


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Summer 2007

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Papain catalyzed oligomerization in monophasic aqueous organic media - synthesis and characterization of neutral and polar amino acid oligomers
  • Efficacy of L-cysteine as an anti-oxidant in papain catalyzed synthesis of oligopeptides in organic solvent system
  • Synthesis and characterization of tailored peptides synthesized through protease catalysis in mixed aqueous organic media
  • Enantio separation of HMB through protease catalyzed peptide synthesis and chiral LC-MS assessment


xix, 176 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2007 Santhana Krishnan Srinivasan, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Amino acids
Hydroxy acids

Thesis Number

T 9209

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Electronic OCLC #