Doctoral Dissertations


"A novel process utilizing an organic immersion plating bath (OIPB) was developed for depositing gold films onto nickel films by a galvanic displacement reaction. The bath was prepared with poor electrically conductive organic solutions that are commonly used for the liquid-liquid extraction of metal ions from aqueous solutions.

The objectives of the study were to identify bath parameters that would result in the deposition of uniform, continuous gold films. The parameters investigated included: gold concentration (0.1 to 3.0 g/L); amount of metal extractant (1.7 to 50 vol. %); type of metal extractant; type of diluent; deposition time (0.5 to 30 minutes); and deposition temperature (20 to 40⁰C). The effect various additives (HCl, H2SO4, KCl, water, glacial acetic acid, acetone, decanol, methanol) and sparging gases (N2, 5%H2/Ar forming gas, compressed air) had on the morphology of the deposited gold films was also considered.

It was found that the type of metal extractant and diluent had a substantial effect on the morphology of the deposited gold film; an addition of HCl to the OIPB was required to obtain gold films composed of uniform gold particles. The deposition rate was self-limiting which is characteristic of galvanic displacement reaction. First-order reaction rate constants were determined; the reaction rate was found to be mixed chemical/diffusion controlled.

Characterization of the deposited gold films demonstrated that they were crystalline and composed of nanometer sized particles. Furthermore, it was found that the gold films were typically 18-35 nm thick and composed of pure metallic gold with no co-deposited nickel or carbon detected in the gold film"--Abstract, page iv.


OKeefe, Matt

Committee Member(s)

Miller, F. Scott, 1956-
O'Keefe, T. J. (Thomas J.)
Ramsay, Christopher W.
Schuman, Thomas P.


Materials Science and Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Materials Science and Engineering


United States. Department of Education. Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Fall 2003

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Spontaneous electrochemical deposition of gold coatings from organic solutions
  • Development of an organic solution immersion gold plating bath
  • Kinetic aspects of depositing gold from an organic immersion plating bath
  • Parameters affecting the deposition of gold from an organic immersion plating bath onto sputtered nickel films


xxi, 149 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2003 Eric James Dahlgren, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Gold films
Plating baths
Thin films

Thesis Number

T 8354

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

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