The feasibility of implementing the interpolating cubic spline function as encryption and decryption transformations is presented. The encryption method can be viewed as computing a transposed polynomial. The main characteristic of the spline cryptosystem is that the domain and range of encryption are defined over real numbers, instead of the traditional integer numbers. Moreover, the spline cryptosystem can be implemented in terms of inexpensive multiplications and additions.

Using spline functions, a series of discontiguous spline segments can execute the modular arithmetic of the RSA system. The similarity of the RSA and spline functions within the integer domain is demonstrated. Furthermore, we observe that such a reformulation of RSA cryptosystem can be characterized as polynomials with random offsets between ciphertext values and plaintext values. This contrasts with the spline cryptosystems, so that a random spline system has been developed. The random spline cryptosystem is an advanced structure of spline cryptosystem. Its mathematical indeterminacy on computing keys with interpolants no more than 4 and numerical sensitivity to the random offset t( increases its utility.

This article also presents a chaotic public-key cryptosystem employing a one-dimensional difference equation as well as a quadratic difference equation. This system makes use of the El Gamal’s scheme to accomplish the encryption process. We note that breaking this system requires the identical work factor that is needed in solving discrete logarithm with the same size of moduli.


Computer Science


This report is substantially the Ph.D. dissertation of the first author, completed May 1993.

Report Number


Document Type

Technical Report

Document Version

Final Version

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© 1993 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 1993