Dynamic Centrifuge Tests on Soft Clay Reinforced by Soil-Cement Grids
This paper describes the centrifuge model construction procedure for a soft clay profile reinforced by soil-cement grids and presents the results and observations of seismic site response during a preliminary dynamic centrifuge test. These tests are the first in a series of centrifuge tests investigating the stiffening effect of soil-cement grid reinforcement on the seismic response of soft clay sites. The results showed that for high intensity base motions, soil nonlinearity reduced the soil peak horizontal acceleration (PHA) in an unreinforced soil profile, while in a reinforced profile, the surface PGA was greater than the base peak acceleration. The soil-cement grid with Ar=30% and improvement depth/grid spacing = 0.7 did not help reduce the induced excess pore water pressure and settlement in the surrounding soil. However, the settlement of the soil-cement grid was significantly smaller than the surrounding soil settlement.
M. Khosravi et al., "Dynamic Centrifuge Tests on Soft Clay Reinforced by Soil-Cement Grids," Geotechnical Special Publication, vol. GSP 256, pp. 2349 - 2358, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Mar 2015.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479087.218
International Foundations Congress and Equipment Expo 2015, IFCEE 2015 (2015: Mar. 17-21, San Antonio, TX)
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Cements; Centrifuges; Reinforcement; Seismic Response; Seismology; Soils, Centrifuge Modeling; Excess Pore Water Pressure; Grid Reinforcement; Horizontal Acceleration; Peak Acceleration; Soil Nonlinearity; Stiffening Effect; Surrounding Soils, Soil Cement
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Article - Conference proceedings
© 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), All rights reserved.
01 Mar 2015