Two-Scale Modeling of the Capillary Network in Hydrated Cement Paste


Objective: Studies on pore structure are essential to better understand the transport properties and durability of cement based materials. In this study, a two-scale modeling framework is proposed to simulate the capillary pore network in hydrated cement paste.
Methods: Capillary pores are divided into small capillary pores (SCPs) and large capillary pores (LCPs). It is assumed that all SCPs are embedded in the outer calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) layer, which is the mixture of low density (LD) C-S-H and SCPs at sub-micro-scale. The porosity of outer C-S-H layers is found to be a function of the water-to-cement ratio (w/c) and the degree of hydration. Using this porosity to define the status, the outer C-S-H layer is simulated as a two-phase mixture based on a sub-micro-scale status-oriented model. Using the degree of hydration to define the status of a cement paste, cement paste is simulated as a mixture of unhydrated cement cores, inner hydration products, outer C-S-H layers, micro-sized crystal hydrates particles and large capillary pores, based on a micro-scale status-oriented model.
Results: The two computer models developed for pore structure simulations of cement paste, at different scales, are verified by nitrogen adsorption and microscopic image processing, respectively.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Calcium Silicate; Cements; Computer Simulation; Gas Adsorption; Hydrates; Image Processing; Microstructure; Mixtures; Pore Structure; Porosity; Calcium Silicate Hydrate; Capillary Pores; Cement Paste; Degree of Hydration; Hydrated Cement Pastes; Microscopic Image Processing; Outer C-S-H Layer; Water-to-Cement Ratios; Hydration; Status-Oriented Model

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2014