Seismic Effectiveness of Tuned Mass Dampers Considering Soil-Structure Interaction


This paper presents how soil-structure interaction affects the seismic performance of Tuned Mass Dampers (TMD) when installed on flexibly based structures. Previous studies on this subject have led to inconsistent conclusions since the soil and structure models employed considerably differ from each other. A generic frequency-independent model is used in this paper to represent a general soil-structure system, whose parameters cover a wide spectrum of soil and structural characteristics. The model structure is subjected to a stationary random excitation and the root-mean-square responses of engineering interest are used to measure the TMD's performance. Extensive parametric studies have shown that strong soil-structure interaction significantly defeats the seismic effectiveness of TMD systems. As the soil shear wave velocity decreases, TMD systems become less effective in reducing the maximum response of structures. For a structure resting on soft soil, the TMD system can hardly reduce the structural seismic response due to the high damping characteristics of soil-structure systems. The model structure is further subjected to the NS component of the 1940 El Centro, California earthquake to confirm the TMD's performance in a more realistic environment.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Root-Mean-Square Response; Soil-Structure Interaction; Structural Control; Tuned Mass Damper (TMD); Damping; Earthquakes; Seismology; Soil Mechanics; Soil Testing

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 1999 John Wiley & Sons, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 1999