Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance of Enamel Coatings Applied to Smooth Reinforcing Steel


Corrosion behavior of enamel-coated reinforcing steel bars in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution is evaluated by open-circuit potential, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization testing. Three types of enamel coating are investigated: a pure enamel coating, a mixed enamel coating that consists of 50% pure enamel and 50% calcium silicate by weight, and a double enamel coating that has an inner pure enamel layer and an outer 50/50 enamel layer. The coatings are characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. SEM images reveal that all three enamel coatings have a porous structure. The pores in the pure and double enamel are disconnected, while those in the mixed enamel are interconnected. Electrochemical tests demonstrate that both pure and double enamel coatings can significantly improve corrosion resistance, while the mixed enamel coating offers very little protection. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Corrosion Resistance; Enamel Coating; EIS; SEM/EDS; XRD

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2012 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2012