Self-consolidating concrete (SCC) is used to repair structural elements with congested reinforcement or restricted access to placement and consolidation. In addition to adequate flowability, passing ability, filling capacity, and stability, adequate bonding to the substrate and reinforcing bars, low shrinkage and cracking resistance are required for successful repair. This study employs various shrinkage mitigating materials, including expansive agent (EA), coupled use of EA with shrinkage reducing admixture (SRA), and EA with pre-saturated lightweight sand (LWS) to fulfill these requirements. The effect of these materials on the performance of SCC made with a hybrid synthetic (PP) fiber and a hybrid steel-synthetic (STPP) fiber is investigated. The investigation included key fresh and hardened concrete properties and flexural performance of composite beams repaired using these materials. Test results show that the investigated fiber-reinforced self-consolidating concrete (FRSCC) mixtures can secure adequate workability and mechanical properties and low shrinkage, limited to 600 µstrain after 224 days. High EA content (10% by mass of binder) can lead to excessive expansion at early ages resulting in microcracking and drop in mechanical properties. The FRSCC made with 5% EA and 0.5% SRA, by mass of binder (5EA0.5SRA mixture), had superior mechanical properties (50 MPa compressive strength and 36 GPa modulus of elasticity). The cracking potential due to restrained shrinkage of this mixture is very low. The 5EA0.5SRA mixture made with hybrid synthetic fibers is successfully used to repair reinforced concrete beams prepared with various reinforcement ratios in the tension zone. The results indicate a 48% increase in first crack load, 4% gain in peak load, and 33% increase in flexural toughness compared to the monolithic beam cast with the conventional concrete. A comparison between the cracking load and ultimate flexural capacity of the repaired beams with estimated values by ACI 544 reveals the estimated to experimental ratio of 0.36–0.70 for cracking load and 0.56–0.74 for the flexural capacity. This can stem from the promotion of FRSCC concrete by the effect of hybrid synthetic fibers and the development of internally induced stress in the presence of shrinkage mitigating materials and fibers that led to higher mechanical properties and enhanced performance of FRSCC for repair. Reinforced beams repaired using FRSCC made with 0.5% hybrid synthetic fibers and combination of EA-SRA can reduce the steel reinforcement ratio by 21% to 27%, depending on the primary steel reinforcement.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology, Grant 00064711

Keywords and Phrases

Expansive agent; Hybrid fibers; Lightweight sand; Repair; SCC; SRA

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2024 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

26 Jan 2024