A methodology is proposed to compare radar reflectivity data obtained from two partially overlapping ground-based radars in order to explain relative differences in radar-rainfall products and establish sound merging procedures for multi-radar observing networks. To identify radar calibration differences, radar reflectivity is compared for well-matched radar sampling volumes viewing common meteorological targets. Temporal separation and three-dimensional matching of two different sampling volumes were considered based on the original polar coordinates of radar observation. Since the proposed method assumes radar beam propagation under standard atmospheric conditions, anomalous propagation cases were eliminated from the analysis. The reflectivity comparison results show systematic differences over time, but the variability of these differences is surprisingly large due to the sensitive nature of the radar reflectivity measurement. © 2014 IAHS Press.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Publication Status

Free Access


National Science Foundation, Grant GEO-0839576

Keywords and Phrases

radar calibration bias; radar reflectivity; radar-rainfall

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2150-3435; 0262-6667

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Taylor and Francis Group; Taylor and Francis, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2014