A Machine Learning-based Approach To Assess Impacts Of Autonomous Vehicles On Pavement Roughness


Studies have been initiated to investigate the potential impact of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) on transportation infrastructure. However, most existing research only focuses on the wandering patterns of CAVs. To bridge this gap, an apple-to-apple comparison is first performed to systematically reveal the behavioural differences between the human-driven vehicle (HDV) and CAV trajectory patterns for the first time, with the data collected from the camera-based next generation simulation dataset and autonomous driving co-simulation platform, CARLA and SUMO, respectively. A gradient boosting-based ensemble learning model for pavement performance (i.e. international roughness index) prediction is then developed with the input features including three driving pattern features, namely, lateral wandering deviation, longitudinal car-following distance and driving speed, plus 20 other context variables. A total of 1707 observations is extracted from the long-term pavement performance database for model training purposes. The result indicates that the trained model can accurately predict pavement deterioration and that CAV deteriorates pavement faster than HDV by 8.1% on average. According to the sensitivity analysis, CAV deployment will create a greater impact on the younger pavements, and the rate of pavement deterioration is found to be stable under light traffic, whereas it will increase under congested traffic. This article is part of the theme issue 'Artificial intelligence in failure analysis of transportation infrastructure and materials'.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


U.S. Department of Transportation, Grant None

Keywords and Phrases

connected and automated vehicles; international roughness index; long-term pavement performance; machine learning; pavement performance

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2023 The Royal Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

04 Sep 2023

PubMed ID