Identification of Fatigue Cracks through Separating Dynamic Responses


During the Service Life of Structures, Fatigue Cracks May Occur in Structural Components Due to Dynamic Loadings Acting on Them, Such as Wind Loads, Live Loads and Ground Motion. If Undetected Timely, These Fatigue Cracks May Lead to a Catastrophic Failure of the overall Structure. Although a Number of Approaches to Detecting Fatigue Cracks Have Been Proposed, Some of Them Appear Rather Sophisticated or Expensive (Requiring Complicated Equipment), and Others Suffer from a Lack of Sensitivity. in This Study, a Simple Approach to Detecting Fatigue Cracks is Developed based on the Bilinear Behavior of Fatigue Cracks. First, a Simple System Identification Method for Bilinear Systems is Proposed by using the Dynamic Characteristics of Bilinear Systems. This Method Transfers Nonlinear System Identification into Linear System Identification by Dividing Impulse or Free-Vibration Responses into Different Parts Corresponding to Each Stiffness Region According to the Stiffness Interface. in This Way, the Natural Frequency of Each Region Can Be Identified using Any Modal Identification Approach Applicable to Linear Systems. Second, the Procedure for Identifying the Existence of Breathing Fatigue Cracks and Quantifying the Cracks Qualitatively is Proposed by Looking for the Difference in the Identified Natural Frequency between Regions. the Proposed System Identification Method and Crack Detection Procedure Have Been Successfully Validated by Numerical Simulations. © 2014 SPIE.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Bilinear; Breathing crack; Damage detection; Fatigue crack; System identification

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1996-756X; 0277-786X

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2023 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2014