Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with insidious and irreversible onset. The recognition of the disease stage of AD and the administration of effective interventional treatment are important to slow down and control the progression of the disease. However, due to the unbalanced distribution of the acquired data volume, the problem that the features change inconspicuously in different disease stages of AD, and the scattered and narrow areas of the feature areas (hippocampal region, medial temporal lobe, etc.), the effective recognition of AD remains a critical unmet need. Therefore, we first employ class-balancing operation using data expansion and Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) to avoid the AD MRI dataset being affected by classification imbalance in the training. Subsequently, a recognition network based on Multi-Phantom Convolution (MPC) and Space Conversion Attention Mechanism (MPC-STANet) with ResNet50 as the backbone network is proposed for the recognition of the disease stages of AD. In this study, we propose a Multi-Phantom Convolution in the way of convolution according to the channel direction and integrate it with the average pooling layer into two basic blocks of ResNet50: Conv Block and Identity Block to propose the Multi-Phantom Residual Block (MPRB) including Multi-Conv Block and Multi-Identity Block to better recognize the scattered and tiny disease features of Alzheimer's disease. Meanwhile, the weight coefficients are extracted from both vertical and horizontal directions using the Space Conversion Attention Mechanism (SCAM) to better recognize subtle structural changes in the AD MRI images. The experimental results show that our proposed method achieves an average recognition accuracy of 96.25%, F1 score of 95%, and mAP of 93%, and the number of parameters is only 1.69 M more than ResNet50.
Y. Liu et al., "MPC-STANet: Alzheimer’s Disease Recognition Method based on Multiple Phantom Convolution and Spatial Transformation Attention Mechanism," Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, vol. 14, article no. 918462, Frontiers Media, Jun 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2022.918462
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Alzheimer's disease recognition; MPC-STANet; Multi-Phantom Convolution; Space Conversion Attention Mechanism; Synthetic Minority Over-sampling Technique
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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10 Jun 2022