MFaster R-CNN for Maize Leaf Diseases Detection based on Machine Vision


In order to realize the intelligent diagnosis of maize diseases with complicated backgrounds and similar disease spot characteristics in the real field environment, MFaster R-CNN is proposed by improving the Faster R-CNN algorithm. Firstly, a batch normalization processing layer is added to the convolution layer to speed up the convergence speed of the network and improve the generalization ability of the model; secondly, a central cost function is proposed to construct a mixed loss function to improve the detection accuracy of similar lesions; then, four kinds of pre-trained convolution structures are selected as the basic feature extraction network of Faster R-CNN for training, and the random gradient descent algorithm is used to optimize the training model to test the optimal feature extraction network; finally, the trained model is used to select test sets under different weather conditions for comparison, and MFaster R-CNN is compared with Faster R-CNN and SSD. The experimental results show that in MFaster R-CNN disease detection framework, VGG16 convolution layer structure as feature extraction network has better performance, the average recall rate is 0.9719, F1 is 0.9718, the overall average accuracy rate can reach 97.23%; compared with Faster R-CNN, MFaster R-CNN has an average accuracy of 0.0886 higher and a single image detection time of 0.139 s less; compared with the SSD, the average accuracy is 0.0425 higher, and the single image detection time is reduced by 0.018 s. Our method also provides a basis for timely and accurate prevention and control of maize diseases in the field.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Batch Normalization; Complicated Background; Data Augmentation; Maize Disease; Mixed Loss Function; Regional Convolution Neural Network

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2191-4281; 2193-567X

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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Publication Date

01 Jan 2022