Upcycling Steel Slag in Producing Eco-Efficient Iron-calcium Phosphate Cement


In the present study, steel slag powder (SSP) was utilized as the raw material to prepare iron-calcium phosphate cement (ICPC) by reacting with ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP). The influences of the raw materials (SSP/ADP) mass ratios ranging from 2.0 to 7.0 on the properties and microstructures of ICPC pastes were investigated. The compressive strengths of ICPC pastes at all ages firstly increased and then decreased with the increase of SSP/ADP, and the SSP/ADP of 6.0 gave the highest strength. Crystalline mundrabillaite and amorphous phases [i.e. Fe(OH)3, Al(OH)3 and H4SiO4] were formed as the dominant binding phases through the reactions of the calcium-containing compounds (brownmillerite, monticellite and srebrodolskite) in the steel slag and ADP. Further, ADP could also react with the free FeO contained in the steel slag to yield amorphous iron phosphate phase. BSE analysis indicated that the hydration products formed and growed on the surface of steel slag particles and connect them to form the continuous, dense microstructure of ICPC paste. The utilization of high-volume steel slag as the base component will potentially bring great economic and environmental benefits for the manufacture of phosphate cement.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


The authors appreciate the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21866018 and 51662024), Yunnan Ten Thousand Talents Plan Young & Elite Talents Project (No. YNWR-QNBJ-2018-388 and YNWR-QNBJ-2020-063).

Keywords and Phrases

Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate; Hydration; Iron-Calcium Phosphate Cement; Properties; Steel Slag

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Article - Journal

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Publication Date

15 Oct 2022