Tornado-Induced Structural Damage based on Reconnaissance Surveys of the 2019 Jefferson City, Missouri, Tornado and Previous Tornadoes Notable Tornadoes
Tornadoes are violent, short-lived wind phenomena that may result in catastrophic damage to homes and property and significant fatalities. Based on statistical data, a majority of tornado-induced fatalities are related to building failures. As such, it is important to investigate damage and failure modes of buildings under tornado loadings to properly design tornado-resistant buildings. In this study, a literature review was conducted on recent tornado postevent damage surveys to identify representative failure modes of buildings under tornadoes. In addition, based on the direct observations and through analyzing the reconnaissance survey data collected from the Jefferson City, Missouri, tornado of May 22, 2019, different overarching damage types are presented with inferences behind the cause for each damage type and possible retrofits to improve building performance under tornadoes. The obtained research findings will enrich the knowledge base for tornado-resistant design, which will eventually improve the safety and welfare of individuals living in tornado-prone areas.
R. Honerkamp et al., "Tornado-Induced Structural Damage based on Reconnaissance Surveys of the 2019 Jefferson City, Missouri, Tornado and Previous Tornadoes Notable Tornadoes," Natural Hazards Review, vol. 23, no. 4, article no. 05022008, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Nov 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)NH.1527-6996.0000574
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Damage Survey; Failure Mechanism; Failure Modes; Postevent; Tornado
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2022 American Society of Civil Engineers, All rights reserved.
01 Nov 2022
The authors greatly appreciate the financial support from the National Science Foundation through the projects of “Collaborative Research: CoPe EAGER: Coastal Community Resilience Bonds to Enable Coupled Socio-Physical Recovery” (Award No. 1940192); and “SCC-CIVIC-PG Track B: Community Resilience Micro-Bonds to Balance Cost and Social Equity among Stakeholders” (Award No. 2044013).