Design, Dynamic Performance and Ecological Efficiency of Fiber-Reinforced Mortars with Different Binder Systems: Ordinary Portland Cement, Limestone Calcined Clay Cement and Alkali-Activated Slag


The dynamic mechanical properties and ecological efficiency of cement-based composites are of vital importance to the development of green building materials and dynamic loadings resistance. In this study, the dynamic mechanical properties, ecological and economic efficiency of fiber-reinforced mortars (FRMs) made with different binder systems, including ordinary Portland cement (OPC), limestone calcined clay cement (LC3), and alkali-activated slag (AAS), were compared. In addition, different rheological parameters were designed to evaluate the dynamic mechanical properties of FRMs. The fiber pull-out testing, Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) testing, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to reveal the difference in the dynamic mechanical properties of FRMs made with different binder systems. The results showed that the loss factor of FRM made with LC3 was the highest, 70% and 150% higher than that made with OPC and AAS as the plastic viscosity of mixtures was at the same range. In addition, the loss factor of FRMs made with OPC and LC3 improved by 25% and 8.6% respectively as the plastic viscosity was improved to a higher level and caused more uniform fiber distribution. The fiber pull-out and microstructure testing indicated that FRM made with LC3 showed appropriate pore size distributions and good fiber-matrix interfacial properties. The ecological evaluation and cost analysis showed that the EE, ECO2e, and the cost of unit loss factor of FRM made with LC3 were the lowest among three kinds of mortars, showing 48369.1 MJ/m3, 6894.4 kgCO2/m3, and 20288.0 RMB/m3 respectively. Compared with FRM made with OPC, the above parameters were reduced by 55.8%, 66.9% and 46.0% respectively. Therefore, the FRM made with LC3 shows higher potential for designing green building materials with great dynamic loadings resistance, compared with FRMs made with OPC and AAS.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundations of China, NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund (No. U2006223), the Science and Technology Project of Shenzhen, China (No. JCYJ20190808151011502 and No. JCYJ20180305124844894), and the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering (SZU) (No. 2020B1212060074), as well as the Center for Infrastructure Engineering Studies (CIES) and Advanced Construction and Material Laboratory (ACML) at Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Keywords and Phrases

Alkali-Activated Slag; Dynamic Mechanical Property; Ecological Evaluation; Fiber-Reinforced Mortar; Limestone Calcined Clay Cement; Microstructure

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Article - Journal

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Publication Date

20 Feb 2022