A Filtering-Based Bridge Weigh-In-Motion System on a Continuous Multi-Girder Bridge Considering the Influence Lines of Different Lanes


A real-time vehicle monitoring is crucial for effective bridge maintenance and traffic management because overloaded vehicles can cause damage to bridges, and in some extreme cases, it will directly lead to a bridge failure. Bridge weigh-in-motion (BWIM) system as a high performance and cost-effective technology has been extensively used to monitor vehicle speed and weight on highways. However, the dynamic effect and data noise may have an adverse impact on the bridge responses during and immediately following the vehicles pass the bridge. The fast Fourier transform (FFT) method, which can significantly purify the collected structural responses (dynamic strains) received from sensors or transducers, was used in axle counting, detection, and axle weighing technology in this study. To further improve the accuracy of the BWIM system, the field-calibrated influence lines (ILs) of a continuous multi-girder bridge were regarded as a reference to identify the vehicle weight based on the modified Moses algorithm and the least squares method. In situ experimental results indicated that the signals treated with FFT filter were far better than the original ones, the efficiency and the accuracy of axle detection were significantly improved by introducing the FFT method to the BWIM system. Moreover, the lateral load distribution effect on bridges should be considered by using the calculated average ILs of the specific lane individually for vehicle weight calculation of this lane.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


National Natural Science Foundation of China, Grant 2010-02-013

Keywords and Phrases

axle weight calculation; bridge weigh-in-motion; continuous bridge; fast Fourier transform; influence line

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2095-2430; 2095-2449

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2020 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2020