A Computationally Efficient Approach for Predicting Toughness Enhancement in Ceramic Composites with Tailored Inclusion Arrangements
Advanced manufacturing techniques such as extrusion-based methods have enabled the fabrication of ceramic composites with ordered inclusion phases (i.e. the size and position of the inclusion can be precisely controlled) to improve their overall strength and toughness. Conventional theories, simulation approaches, and experimental methods for analyzing fracture in composites with randomly dispersed inclusion phases (resulting in homogeneous, isotropic effective properties) become inadequate at understanding and designing composites with ordered inclusions for enhancing effective properties such as toughness. In addition, existing methods for analyzing fracture in composites can be computationally expensive and pose challenges in accurately capturing experimentally observed fracture growth. For example, extended finite element and phase-field methods are computationally expensive in evaluating the large design space of possible inclusion arrangements enabled by the new manufacturing techniques. In this work, a closed-form analytical model for the mixed-mode stress intensity factor in a composite with selected inclusion arrangements is presented, which expedites the analysis for various composite designs. Moreover, the fracture initiation calculation is adapted to approximate crack propagation with computational efficiency. The accuracy of this model for predicting fracture initiation is validated by linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis using the finite element method. The prediction of fracture propagation is validated using a phase-field model, as well as a 4-point bending experiment. Finally, the model is applied to analyze three different composite inclusion arrangements to study the effect of various material combinations and geometries on the overall toughness of the composite; a complete sampling of (and optimization) over the entire design space, however, is beyond the scope of this work. The relative increase in crack length (compared to a homogeneous material) is used as a metric to compare the relative toughness of three different composite designs. Within these designs, using the fast-running approximate method, the effect of the ratio of inclusion radius to inclusion spacing, and the elastic mismatch on the resulting crack length are compared to determine the composite arrangements that result in the greatest toughness enhancement for selected material properties. In particular, a multi-phase cubic array resulted in the greatest toughness enhancement of the designs considered.
A. R. Thakur et al., "A Computationally Efficient Approach for Predicting Toughness Enhancement in Ceramic Composites with Tailored Inclusion Arrangements," International Journal of Fracture, vol. 221, no. 2, pp. 171-171, Springer, Feb 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10704-020-00421-x
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Intelligent Systems Center
Keywords and Phrases
Analytical approximation; Ceramic composite; Fracture; Patterned inclusion
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Feb 2020