Monitoring Corrosion of Steel Bars in Reinforced Concrete based on Helix Strains Measured from a Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor
Corrosion of steel bars compromises the safety and service life of reinforced concrete structures. This study develops an in-situ corrosion monitoring method for reinforced concrete with a distributed fiber optic sensor through experimentation. Reinforced concrete beams instrumented with distributed fiber optic sensors were prepared. A constant current was impressed to the beams immersed in a NaCl solution for accelerated corrosion. The distributed fiber optic sensor was deployed in a helix pattern on the steel bar to measure expansive strains generated by corrosion of the steel bar. The corrosion process of the steel bar was assessed in an electrochemical test. The strain measured from the sensor was utilized to evaluate the volume of the corrosion products surrounding the steel bars and predict the cracking of the concrete cover. To investigate the deterioration process of reinforced concrete, different levels of concrete cover thickness (28 mm, 35 mm, and 43 mm) and water-to-cement ratio (0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) were studied. The relationship between the mass loss of steel bars and the volume of corrosion products is established to provide a method for evaluating the effects of steel corrosion on the deterioration of reinforced concrete.
L. Fan et al., "Monitoring Corrosion of Steel Bars in Reinforced Concrete based on Helix Strains Measured from a Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor," Engineering Structures, vol. 204, Elsevier Ltd, Feb 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.110039
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
INSPIRE - University Transportation Center
Keywords and Phrases
Corrosion; Crack; Distributed fiber optic sensors; In-situ condition assessment; Interactive defects; Mass loss; Reinforced concrete; Steelâ€“concrete interface; Structural health monitoring
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.
01 Feb 2020