Durability Properties of Cleaner Cement Mortar with By-Products of Tire Recycling


This study investigates using rubber-fiber powder (RFP), which is by-products of tire recycling, as an additive in a cement-based mortar. Five different RFP ratios of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25% were used in this study as an additive filler side by side with reducing the cement content by the same amount. In addition to the fresh properties and the heat of hydration, the physical characterization of the rubberized mixtures including the compressive, and flexural strength the hardened density, absorption, and air voids were investigated. The results were compared to those where the cement content was reduced without adding the RFP as well as a reference mortar mixture having 0% RFP. To evaluate the new rubberized mortar as a reinforcement corrosion protector, the bulk and surface electrical resistivity, the accelerated carbon dioxide penetration, and the rapid chloride ion penetration tests were determined. Although there was a reduction in some of the mechanical characterizations, this study revealed that the recycled rubber-fiber powder could be used in the mortar as an additive to provide more corrosion resistance and less heat of hydration compared to the control mixture. Adding the RFP lowered and delayed the peak temperature for the heat of hydration compared to reducing the cement content only. From the durability side, mortar mixtures with up to 20% RFP showed an improved reinforcement corrosion resistance by increasing both bulk and surface electrical resistivity.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


This research was supported by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.

Keywords and Phrases

Electrical resistivity; Recycled rubber; Rubber-fiber powder; Rubberized mortar; Sustainable materials; Tire recycling

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Article - Journal

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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2019