Traditionally, strain data are difficult, if not impossible, to obtain from steel structures in fire due to their harsh environment and temperature measurements are limited to the locations of thermocouples. This paper presents high-temperature measurements using a Brillouin scattering based (distributed) fiber optic sensor and the application of the measured temperatures and material parameters recommended in building codes into the enhanced thermo-mechanical analysis of simply-supported steel beams subjected to combined thermal and loading effects. The distributed temperature sensor captures detailed, non-uniform temperature distributions that are compared locally with thermocouple measurements by less than 5% at a 95% confidence level. The simulated strains and deflections are validated using measurements from a second distributed fiber optic (strain) sensor and two linear potentiometers, respectively. The results demonstrate that the temperature-dependent material properties specified in the four investigated building codes lead to strain predictions with less than 13% average error at 95% confidence level and that the EN1993-1-2 building code provided the best predictions. However, the implicit consideration of creep in the EN1993-1-2 is adequate up to 600⁰C. More recently, the distributed sensing technology for temperature and strain measurements was applied into small- and large-scale composite floor specimens of a reinforced concrete slab on one or two I-shaped steel beams. The temperature measurements in the reinforced concrete slab were compared with those from limited thermocouples. This paper completes with an experimental investigation of the potential change in the neutral axis of the concrete-steel composite section at elevated temperature.
G. Chen, "Sensor-Enhanced Analysis and Behavior of Steel Beams in Fire," Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol. 8, no. 30, OMICS International, Oct 2018.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.4172/2165-784X-C1-013
5th World Congress and Exhibition on Construction and Steel Structure (2018: Oct. 5-6, Los Angeles, CA)
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
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01 Oct 2018