Shear Performance of Reinforced Concrete Beams Incorporating Recycled Concrete Aggregate and High-Volume Fly Ash


The study reported in this paper investigates the shear capacity of full-scale reinforced concrete beams fabricated with high volume fly ash and coarse recycled concrete aggregate (RCA). The study involved testing 24 full-scale beams. The beams were fabricated with three different longitudinal reinforcement ratios of 1.27%, 2.03%, and 2.71%. Four concrete mixtures were employed for casting the beams: conventional concrete (CC) without any fly ash or RCA as the reference; fly ash concrete with 50% of Class C fly ash replacement (FA50 beams); RCA concrete with 50% coarse RCA replacement (RCA50 beams); and sustainable concrete (SC) proportioned with 50% Class C fly ash and 50% RCA. In order to evaluate the performance of concrete in shear, the beams were cast without any stirrups in the shear zone. The test results were compared with theoretical models provided by different design codes as well as a shear data base for CC. The experimental results were also compared to analytical approaches based on fracture mechanics as well as the modified compression field theory method. On the average, the SC beams had a 10% lower shear capacity than the CC beams. The average shear capacity of the SC beams was 18% and 16% lower than those of the FA50 and RCA50 beams, respectively.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

C (programming language); Concrete aggregates; Concrete beams and girders; Concrete mixtures; Concretes; Fly ash; Fracture mechanics; Recycling; Shear strength; Coarse recycled concrete aggregate; High volume fly ash; Longitudinal reinforcement; Modified compression field theories; Recycled concrete aggregates; Reinforced concrete beams; Structural behaviors; Sustainable concretes; Reinforced concrete; High-volume fly ash; Sustainable concrete

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Article - Journal

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© 2016 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2016