Rheological Approach in Proportioning and Evaluating Prestressed Self-Consolidating Concrete


The successful development of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) requires a careful control of rheological properties of matrix. In this investigation, a parametric study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of binder type, w/cm (water-to-cementitious materials ratio), and coarse aggregate type and nominal size on rheology of prestressed SCC. The rheological measurement of the 33 SCC mixtures investigated in parametric study was performed using a modified Tattersall two-point workability rheometer. The yield stress and plastic viscosity values derived from the SCC mixtures were correlated to the various workability test results to identify combinations of rheological parameters necessary to secure adequate filling ability, filling capacity, and stability of SCC for successful casting of prestressed elements. Based on the results, it is recommended that SCC should have a plastic viscosity of 30–70 Pa s and 30–130 Pa s for concrete made with crushed aggregate and gravel, respectively, to ensure proper workability. Higher viscosity levels could lead to limitation in passing ability should be avoided. Better understanding of the rheological parameters that control the workability of SCC is important in developing mix design approaches and interpreting quality control test methods.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of the United States of America for NCHRP Project 18-12, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51578341, No. 51278306), the Science and Technology Programs of Shenzhen Municipality (No. JCYJ20140418095735540)

Keywords and Phrases

Aggregates; Concrete beams and girders; Concrete mixtures; Concretes; Mixtures; Prestressed concrete; Prestressed materials; Quality control; Rheology; Viscosity; Yield stress; Mixture proportioning; Plastic viscosity; Quality control tests; Rheological measurements; Rheological parameter; Self-consolidating concrete; Water-to-cementitious materials ratio; Workability; Mechanical properties

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Article - Journal

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© 2017 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2017