Evaluating Structural Buildup at Rest of Self-Consolidating Concrete using Workability Tests


Structural buildup at rest (SBR) is a rheological property that can affect the performance of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). Such a property should be optimized to intended placement condition. Adequate determination of SBR on the jobsite is important for quality control, thus necessitating the use of simple and robust testing methods. The ability of employing conventional workability test methods to evaluate SBR of SCC is discussed. Eight SCC mixtures designed to secure different SBR levels were investigated. SBR was determined using concrete rheometer and two field-oriented test methods: Portable vane and inclined plane, as well as losses of slump flow, T50, and J-ring flow at rest. Correlations between SBR indexes determined from workability and rheological test methods were established. Statistical models to predict static yield stress and SBR indexes as a function of workability loss at rest are proposed, which indicate that standard workability test methods can be used to evaluate SBR of SCC.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Concretes; Quality control; Rheology; Yield stress; Self-consolidating concrete; Static yield; Structural buildup; Thixotropy; Workability loss; Mechanical properties; Static yield stress

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Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2018 American Concrete Institute (ACI), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2018