Effect of Formwork Characteristics on SCC Lateral Pressure


Lateral pressure exerted on vertical formwork by fresh self-consolidating concrete (SCC) controls its design. Several factors, including material properties, placement conditions, and formwork characteristics, can affect formwork pressure. This paper presents the influence of formwork width (0.20-1.0 m), shape (circular versus square), and surface material (PVC, plywood, steel, and polyester filter membrane) of formwork on lateral pressure characteristics. The diameter of the pressure sensor used to evaluate lateral pressure characteristics is also investigated. The results showed that the increase in formwork width can increase the initial lateral pressure and delay the time needed for the formwork removal. Correction factors accounting for the changes in the formwork width on the initial pressure and pressure decay were developed. The formwork surface materials did show significant effect on initial formwork pressure, and different pressure decay responses were observed for each formwork material. The longest time for pressure cancellation was obtained for the steel formwork, and the shortest one for the polyester filter membrane.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Concretes; Formwork pressure; Lateral dimension; Self-consolidating concrete (SCC); Shape; Surface materials; Pressure effects; Concrete; Design; Membrane; Pressure effect; Pressure field; Structural analysis

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0899-1561; 1943-5533

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2017 American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2017