Determination of Mortar Setting Times using Shear Wave Velocity Evolution Curves Measured by the Bender Element Technique


Although identified as a good indicator to characterize freshly cast cementitious materials, shear wave velocity (Vs) alone has not been used successfully to determine the initial and final setting times (ti and tf). The challenge originates from the large Vs range that can vary from < 50 m/s to > 2000 m/s for cementitious materials at early age (typically < 24 h). To overcome these challenges, modifications to traditional bender element and to specimen geometry were made to obtain Vs versus time (Vs(t)) curves of six early age mortars at different water-to-cement ratios, some with chemical admixtures. Derivative methods were then proposed to obtain ti and tf. The peak time (tpeak') in the first-order derivative of Vs(t) curves correlate well to the final setting time (R2 = 0.979), while the peak time (tpeak") of the second-order derivative of Vs(t) curves correspond well to the initial setting time (R2 = 0.950).


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Acoustic wave velocity; Chemical modification; Mortar; Shear waves; Wave propagation; Bender elements; Early age; Initial setting time; Setting time; Shear wave velocity; Shear flow; Final setting time; Initial setting time

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Article - Journal

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© 2018 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Apr 2018