Performance of Hollow-Core FRP-Concrete-Steel Bridge Columns Subjected to Vehicle Collision


This paper presents the behavior of an innovative accelerated bridge construction system of hollow-core fiber-reinforced polymer-concrete-steel (HC-FCS) columns under vehicle collisions using LS-DYNA software. The HC-FCS column consists of a concrete wall sandwiched between an outer fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) tube and an inner steel tube. The steel tube works as a longitudinal and transverse reinforcement, and the FRP tube confines the sandwiched concrete. Detailed finite element analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of 14 different parameters including the concrete material model, the unconfined concrete compressive strength (ƒc), the material strain rate, the column height-to-diameter ratio, the column diameter, the FRP confinement ratio, the diameter-to-thickness ratio of the steel tube, the column void ratio, the embedded length of the steel tube, the infilled steel tube, the top boundary conditions, the axial load level, the vehicle's velocity, and the vehicle's mass on both dynamic and static impact forces. The peak dynamic force (PDF) and the equivalent static force (ESF) were investigated. The ESF is defined as the peak of the twenty-five millisecond moving average (PTMSA). The PTMSAs of the investigated columns were compared to the ESF of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials- Load and Resistance Factor Design (AASHTO-LRFD; 2670 kN (600 kips)). The AASHTO-LRFD was found to be non-conservative when the column was collided with a heavy vehicle with a mass of more than 16 tons (35 kips) or a high-speed vehicle with a velocity of more than 112 kph (70 mph).


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Bridges; Compressive strength; Concretes; Crashworthiness; Fiber reinforced plastics; Finite element method; Optical fibers; Reinforced plastics; Reinforcement; Steel fibers; Strain rate; Tubes (components); Tubular steel structures; Vehicles; Bridge columns; Composite column; Impact analysis; Pre-cast; Vehicle collisions; Reinforced concrete; Bridge; Collision; Column; Compressive strength; Concrete structure; Finite element method; Impact; Performance assessment; Polymer; SteelCC structure; Precast columns

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Article - Journal

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© 2016 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2016