We are developing energy-efficient and reversible carbon capture and release (CCR) systems that mimic the Lys201 carbamylation reaction in the active site of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (RuBisCO). The multiequilibria scenario ammonium ion Xa ⇌ amine Xb ⇌ carbamic acid Xc ⇌ carbamate Xd requires the presence of both free amine and CO2 for carbamylation and is affected by the pKa(Xa). Two fluorination strategies aimed at ammonium ion pKa depression and low pH carbamylation were analyzed with (2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) butylamine 2b and 2,2-difluoropropylamine 3b and compared to butylamine 1b. The determination of K1 and ΔG1 of the carbamylation reactions requires the solution of multiequilibria systems of equations based on initial conditions, 1H NMR measurements of carbamylation yields over a wide pH range, and knowledge of K2-K5 values. K2 and K3 describe carbonic acid acidity, and ammonium ion acidities K4 were measured experimentally. We calibrated carbamic acid acidities K5 based on the measured value K6 of aminocarbamic acid using isodesmic reactions. The proton exchange reactions were evaluated with ab initio computations at the APFD/6-311+G* level in combination with continuum solvation models and explicit solvation. The utilities of 1-3 will be discussed as they pertain to the development of fluorine-modified RuBisCO-mimetic reversible CCR systems.




National Science Foundation, Grant 1665487

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1520-6904; 0022-3263

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2023 American Chemical Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2023

Included in

Chemistry Commons