Removal Of Organic Compounds From Water Via Cloud-Point Extraction With Permethyl Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin
Aqueous solutions of nonionic surfactants are known to undergo phase separations at elevated temperatures. This phenomenon is known as "clouding," and the temperature at which it occurs is referred to as the cloud point. Permethyl-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (PMHP-β-CD) was synthesized and aqueous solutions containing it were found to undergo similar cloud-point behavior. Factors that affect the phase separation of PMHP-β-CD were investigated. Subsequently, the cloud-point extractions of several aromatic compounds (i.e., acetanilide, aniline, 2, 2'-dihydroxybiphenyl, N-methylaniline, 2-naphthol, o-nitroaniline, m-ni-troaniline, p-nitroaniline, nitrobenzene, o-nitrophenol, m-nitrophenol, p-nitro-phenol, 4-phenazophenol, 3-phenylphenol, and 2-phenylbenzimidazole) from dilute aqueous solution were evaluated. Although the extraction efficiency of the compounds varied, most can be quantitatively extracted if sufficient PMHP-β-CD is used. For those few compounds that are not extracted (e.g., o-nitroacetanilide), the cloud-point procedure may be an effective one-step isolation or purification method. © 1993, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
D. Warner-Schmid et al., "Removal Of Organic Compounds From Water Via Cloud-Point Extraction With Permethyl Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin," Separation Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1009 - 1018, Taylor and Francis Group; Taylor and Francis, Mar 1993.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1080/01496399308029234
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2023 Taylor and Francis Group; Taylor and Francis, All rights reserved.
01 Mar 1993