Epitaxial Single-Domain Cu-BTC Metal-Organic Framework Thin Films and Foils by Electrochemical Conversion of Cuprous Oxide
Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Are an Important Class of Crystalline Porous Materials with Extensive Chemical and Structural Merits. However, the Fabrication of MOF Thin Films Oriented Along All Crystallographic Axes to Achieve Well-Aligned Nanopores and Nanochannels with Uniform Apertures Remains a Challenge. Here, We Achieved Highly Crystalline Single-Domain MOF Thin Films with the  Out-Of-Plane Orientation by Electrochemical Conversion of Cuprous Oxide. Copper(II)-Benzene-1,3,5-Tricarboxylate, Cu3(BTC)2 (Referred to as Cu-BTC), is a Well-Known Metal-Organic Open Framework Material with a Cubic Crystal System. Epitaxial Cu-BTC(111) Thin Films Were Manufactured by Electrochemical Oxidation of Cu2O(111) Films Electrodeposited on Single-Crystal Au(111). the Cu-BTC(111) Shows an In-Plane Antiparallel Relationship with the Precursor Cu2O(111) with a −0.91% Coincidence Site Lattice Mismatch. a Plausible Mechanism Was Proposed for the Electrochemical Conversion of Cu2O into Cu-BTC, Indicating Formation of Intermediate CuO, Growth of Cu-BTC Islands, and Termination with Coalesce into a Dense Film with a Limiting Thickness of About 740 Nm. the Faradaic Efficiency for the Electrochemical Conversion Was 63%. in Addition, Epitaxial Cu-BTC(111) Foils Were Fabricated by Epitaxial Lift-Off Following the Electrochemical Etching of Residual Cu2O Underneath the Cu-BTC. It Was Also Demonstrated that Cu-BTC(111) Films with Two In-Plane Domains and Textured Cu-BTC(111) Films Can Be Achieved on a Large Scale using Electrodeposited Au/Si and Au-Coated Glass as Low-Cost Substrates.
X. Zhang et al., "Epitaxial Single-Domain Cu-BTC Metal-Organic Framework Thin Films and Foils by Electrochemical Conversion of Cuprous Oxide," ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 15, no. 14, pp. 18440 - 18449, American Chemical Society, Apr 2023.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.2c22983
Keywords and Phrases
Cu-BTC; cuprous oxide; electrochemical conversion; epitaxial lift-off; foils; metal−organic frameworks; single-domain
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2023 American Chemical Society, All rights reserved.
12 Apr 2023
U.S. Department of Energy, Grant DE-FG02-08ER46518