Spectroscopy and Scattering Studies using Interpolated Ab Initio Potentials


The Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface (PES) has come a long way since its introduction in the 1920s, both conceptually and in predictive power for practical applications. Nevertheless, nearly 100 years later mdash despite astonishing advances in computational power mdash the state-of-the-art first-principles prediction of observables related to spectroscopy and scattering dynamics is surprisingly limited. For example, the water dimer, (H2O)2 with only six nuclei and 20 electrons, still presents a formidable challenge for full-dimensional variational calculations of bound states and is considered out of reach for rigorous scattering calculations. The extremely poor scaling of the most rigorous quantum methods is fundamental; however, recent progress in development of approximate methodologies has opened the door to fairly routine high-quality predictions, unthinkable 20 years ago. In this review, in relation to the workflow of spectroscopy and/or scattering studies, we summarize progress and challenges in the component areas of electronic structure calculations, PES fitting, and quantum dynamical calculations.



Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for High Performance Computing Research

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0066-426X; 1545-1593

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





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Publication Date

20 Apr 2020