Title

Protective Effects of Tiopronin on Oxidatively Challenged Human Lung Carcinoma Cells (A549)

Abstract

Tiopronin (MPG) is a thiol antioxidant drug that has been explored as a treatment for various oxidative stress-related disorders. However, many of its antioxidant capabilities remain untested in well-validated cell models. To more thoroughly understand the action of this promising pharmaceutical compound against acute oxidative challenge, A549 human lung carcinoma cells were exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) and treated with MPG. Analyses of cell viability, intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels, and the prevalence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial superoxide were used to examine the effects of MPG on tBHP-challenged cells. MPG treatment suppressed intracellular ROS and mitochondrial superoxide and prevented tBHP-induced GSH depletion and apoptosis. These results indicate that MPG is effective at preserving redox homeostasis against acute oxidative insult in A549 cells if present at sufficient concentrations during exposure to oxidants such as tBHP. The effects of treatment gleaned from this study can inform experimental design for future in vivo work on the therapeutic potential of MPG.

Department(s)

Chemistry

Comments

Missouri University of Science and Technology, Grant 1R15EY029813-01A1

Keywords and Phrases

antioxidant; glutathione; oxidative stress; reactive oxygen species; Thiols; tiopronin

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1071-5762; 1029-2470

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2020 Taylor & Francis, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

03 May 2020

PubMed ID

32363952

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