Barbosalite, an iron hydroxy-phosphate belonging to the family of Lazulite has been synthesized using hydrothermal route and its electrochemical property is investigated for the first time with respect to Li-ion batteries. The structure, as determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data, built up of undulating layers of FeO6 octahedra, consisting of trimers and PO4 tetrahedral units. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show predominant overall anti-ferromagnetic interactions and room temperature 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopic studies confirm the mixed 3+ and 2+ oxidation states of Fe in the compound. The compound is stable up to 400°C and undergo facile electrochemical lithium insertion. Galvanostatic charge-discharge studies indicate that up to 0.7 lithium ions per formula unit can be inserted at an average voltage of 2.6 V. The barbosalite phase seems to undergo irreversible phase transition upon lithiation as evident from the powder X-ray diffraction pattern of the reduced and oxidized phases.
P. Sandineni et al., "Electrochemistry of Illusive Barbosalite, Fe²⁺Fe³⁺ 2(PO₄)₂(OH)₂: An Iron Phosphate Related to Lipscombite Structure," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 166, no. 15, pp. A3585-A3592, The Electrochemical Society (ECS), Oct 2019.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0161915jes
Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)
Keywords and Phrases
Crystal structure; Electric discharges; Lithium-ion batteries; Magnetic susceptibility; Single crystals; Spectroscopic analysis; X ray diffraction, Electrochemical lithium insertion; Ferro-magnetic interactions; Galvanostatic charge discharges; Hydrothermal routes; Magnetic susceptibility measurements; Powder X ray diffraction; Single crystal x-ray diffraction; Spectroscopic studies, Iron compounds
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Oct 2019