Simultaneous Determination of Tiopronin and its Primary Metabolite in Plasma and Ocular Tissues by HPLC


Tiopronin, formally 2-mercaptopropionylglycine (MPG), is currently prescribed to treat cystinuria and rheumatoid arthritis, and its antioxidant properties have led to its investigation as a treatment for cataracts, a condition in which oxidative stress is strongly implicated. To study its accumulation in the eye, a reliable, isocratic HPLC method was developed for the determination of MPG and its primary metabolite 2-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) in plasma and relevant ocular tissues. This method utilizes pre-column derivatization and fluorescence detection. The 3.5 min separation enables high-throughput analysis, and validation experiments demonstrated that this method is suitable for evaluating ocular accumulation of MPG and MPA at concentrations as low as 66 and 33 nm, respectively. Excellent linearity was achieved over the working concentration range with R2 > 0.997. Extraction recovery was reproducible within each matrix and exceeded 97%. Accuracy was within 13.3% relative error, and intra- and inter-day precisions were within 6% CV and 7% CV, respectively. Sample stability was demonstrated under various storage conditions, and the use of an internal standard conferred exceptional ruggedness. This method has been successfully applied for the determination of MPG and MPA in plasma, cornea, lens and retina following intraperitoneal administration of the drug in Wistar rats.



Keywords and Phrases

2-mercaptopropionic acid; 2-mercaptopropionylglycine; eye; fluorescence; HPLC

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0269-3879; 1099-0801

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2019

PubMed ID