A Nested Molecule-independent Neural Network Approach for High-quality Potential Fits


It is shown that neural networks (NNs) are efficient and effective tools for fitting potential energy surfaces. For H2O, a simple NN approach works very well. to fit surfaces for HOOH and H2CO, we develop a nested neural network technique in which we first fit an approximate NN potential and then use another NN to fit the difference of the true potential and the approximate potential. the root-mean-square error (RMSE) of the H 2O surface is 1 cm-1. For the 6-D HOOH and H2CO surfaces, the nested approach does almost as well attaining a RMSE of 2 cm -1. the quality of the NN surfaces is verified by calculating vibrational spectra. For all three molecules, most of the low-lying levels are within 1 cm-1 of the exact results. on the basis of these results, we propose that the nested NN approach be considered a method of choice for both simple potentials, for which it is relatively easy to guess a good fitting function, and complicated (e.g., double well) potentials for which it is much harder to deduce an appropriate fitting function. the number of fitting parameters is only moderately larger for the 6-D than for the 3-D potentials, and for all three molecules, decreasing the desired RMSE increases only slightly the number of required fitting parameters (nodes). NN methods, and in particular the nested approach we propose, should be good universal potential fitting tools.



Keywords and Phrases

Error analysis; Molecular vibrations; Potential energy; Surface chemistry, Nested neural network technique; Potential energy surfaces; Potential fits; Root-mean-square error (RMSE), Neural networks

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Article - Journal

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© 2006, American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2006