Quasi-Classical Trajectory Study of the HO + CO → H + CO₂ Reaction on a New Ab Initio Based Potential Energy Surface


We report extensive quasi-classical trajectory calculations of the HO + CO → H + CO 2 reaction on a newly developed potential energy surface based on a large number of UCCSD(T)-F12/AVTZ calculations. This complex-forming reaction is known for its unusual kinetics and dynamics because of its unique potential energy surface, which is dominated by the HOCO wells flanked by an entrance channel bottleneck and a transition state leading to the H + CO 2 products. It was found that the thermal rate coefficients are in reasonably good agreement with known experimental data in both low and high pressure limits. Excitation of the OH vibration is shown to enhance reactivity, due apparently to its promoting effect over the transition state between the HOCO intermediate and the H + CO 2 product. on the other hand, neither CO vibrational excitation nor rotational excitation in either CO or OH has a significant effect on reactivity, in agreement with experiment. However, significant discrepancies have been found between theory and the available molecular beam experiments. For example, the calculated translational energy distribution of the products substantially underestimates the experiment. in addition, the forward bias in the differential cross section observed in the experiment was not reproduced theoretically. While the origin of the discrepancies is still not clear, it is argued that a quantum mechanical treatment of the dynamics might be needed.



Keywords and Phrases

Ab initio; Differential cross section; Experimental data; Forward bias; High-pressure limits; Promoting effect; Quantum-mechanical treatments; Quasiclassical trajectories; Rotational excitation; Thermal rate coefficients; Transition state; Translational energy distributions; Vibrational excitation; Calculations; Dynamics; Excited states; Experiments; Potential energy surfaces; Quantum chemistry; Reaction kinetics; Carbon dioxide

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Article - Journal

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© 2012 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2012