Transformations of Low-Dimensional Zinc Phosphates to Complex Open-Framework Structures. Part 1: Zero-Dimensional to One-, Two- and Three-Dimensional Structures


Zero-dimensional 4-membered zinc phosphate monomers, [C6N2H18][Zn(HPO4)(H2 PO4)2], I, and [C6N4H21][Zn(HPO4)2 (H2PO4)], II, transform under simple reaction conditions to one-, two- and three-dimensional structures. Monomer II, on heating with zinc acetate dihydrate (Zn(OAc)2) in aqueous solution, gives a layered phosphate [C6N4H21][NH4][Zn6 (PO4)4(HPO4)2]H2O, III. A novel three-dimensional structure [C6N4H21]4[Zn7 (PO4)6]3, IV, with channels comprising Zn7O6 clusters is obtained on heating II in water under hydrothermal conditions. The monomer I transforms to a one-dimensional ladder, [C3N2H5][Zn(HPO4)], V, on heating with imidazole and to a three-dimensional structure, [C4N2H12][Zn2(H2O) (PO4)(HPO4)]2, VI, on heating with piperazine under ordinary conditions. I also transforms to a layered zinc phosphate, [C6N2H18][Zn3(H2O) 4(HPO4)4], VII, on heating in water. In addition to the monomer, II, compounds III-VI have been obtained for the first time. The structures formed by the transformations of the monomers also exhibit unique structural features. Thus, in the ladder structure, V, the imidazole molecule is linked to the Zn center similar to the phosphate unit in a typical ladder structure, while in the layered phosphate, III, one-dimensional tubules are linked via ZnO4 tetrahedra and the three-dimensional structure, IV, possesses Zn7O6 clusters. Isolation of several related solids encompassing a variety of architectures through the transformations of zero-dimensional monomeric phosphates demonstrates not only that the 4-membered ring is a basic structural building unit in these open-framework materials, but also sheds light on the building-up process involved in their formation.



Keywords and Phrases

Imidazole; Water; Zinc Phosphate; Aqueous Solution; Article; Chemical Reaction; Chemical Structure; Complex Formation; Synthesis

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2001 Royal Society of Chemistry, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2001